Arthroscopy, also referred to as keyhole or minimally invasive surgery, is a procedure in which an arthroscope is inserted into a joint to check for any damage and repair it simultaneously.
The labrum is strong fibrocartilaginous tissue that forms a rim at the socket of the hip joint. It acts as a shock absorber, lubricates the joint and distributes pressure equally. It deepens the socket increasing the stability of the joint and limiting movements of the head of the femur.
The hip joint is a ball and socket joint, where the head of the thighbone (femur) articulates with the cavity (acetabulum) of the pelvic bone. Sickle cell disease, a group of disorders that affect the hemoglobin or oxygen carrying component of blood, causes avascular necrosis or the death of bone tissue in the hip due to lack of blood supply.
The hip joint allows a greater range of motion of your body and hence is subjected to wear and tear. If the hip joint breaks or dislocates during an accident or due to old age, it may affect the blood supply to the bone, a condition called avascular necrosis (characterized by loss of blood to the bone). Avascular necrosis is generally treated by hip distraction arthroplasty, a surgical procedure which decreases the pain in the hip joint and increases the ability to perform daily activities.
Labrum is a ring of strong fibrocartilaginous tissue lining around the socket of the hip joint. Labrum serves many functions where it acts as shock absorber, lubricates the joint, and distributes the pressure equally. It holds the head of the femur in place and prevents the lateral and vertical movement of the femur head within the joint. It also deepens the acetabular cavity and offers stability against femoral head translation.
Hip reconstruction is a surgery to repair or replace a damaged hip joint that causes pain and limits your movement.
The hip joint, which is made up of a cup-shaped hip bone and ball-shaped thigh bone can move smoothly because of cushioning provided by the articular cartilage (tissue lining the surface of the hip and thigh bones) and labrum (tissue that surrounds the rim of the hip socket).